The Bill of Rights
The first amendment states that every person should have the freedom of speech, the freedom of religion, the freedom of press, the freedom of assembly, and the freedom of petition. The freedom of speech states that you can say what ever you want to and no one can stop you. the freedom of religion states that you can practice any or no religion. The freedom of press states that newspapers can write what they want to and no one can stop them. Freedom of Assembly states that you can peacefully come together and protest. The freedom of petition means that if you want to change something, you can get a lot of people to sign a paper stating what you want to be changed, however this does not mean that the government will change it.
"If the freedom of speech is taken away then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep to the slaughter."
The second amendment states that every citizen can "bear arms" or in other words, own a gun. In the series of recent unfortunate events, this amendment might be modified.
"Americans have the right and advantage of being armed – unlike the citizens of other countries whose governments are afraid to trust the people with arms." – James Madison
The third amendment states that no person or persons is allowed to enter your house. This amendment was made because when the British ruled the colonies, they forced the citizens to house their soldiers.
The fourth amendment protects people from government forcibly entering your possessions The government needs a warrant before entering or searching your possessions. Police officers get warrants from a judge.
The fifth amendment protects citizens from being tried twice for the same crime. The fifth amendment also allows a person to remain silent when they want to. That's why most cops will say "you have the right to remain silent, whatever you say will be used against you."
Amendment six of the constitution gives you the the right to a speedy trial and the right to a lawyer. A lawyer is someone who studies or practices law.
The seventh amendment is about trials. The seventh amendment gives you the right to a fair trial by a jury. A jury is a group of persons sworn to render a verdict or true answer on a question or questions officially submitted to them.
The eighth amendment protects people from cruel and unusual punishment. This amendment also protects you from any excessive bail.
The ninth amendment states that all people have basic human rights, even if they are not listed in the constitution. Some examples of basic human rights are the right to life, the right to self protection, and the right to own land.
The tenth amendment limits the federal governments power. This amendment states that if a power doesn't belong to the government, the people get that power.